LABOUR LAWS IN GIBRALTAR
Government employees are now paid at a rate on parity with UK and
the private sector is broadly in line with government. There is a
policy of equal pay for women and there is minimum wage protection
for certain sectors.
Consultation is encouraged between employees and employers
over working conditions and there are provisions for involving
statutory wage fixing in the event of a breakdown in negotiations.
Minimum holiday entitlement according to law is two weeks increasing
to three weeks for over five years served. This is in addition to
eleven public holidays.
Trade Unions are recognised in Gibraltar but it is not
compulsory for workers to join a Union. Unions must be registered
under the Trade Unions and Trade Disputes (Conciliation and
Arbitration) Ordinance. Employees and Unions are entitled to
withhold labour when there is a dispute.
Employers are required
to keep their premises in a reasonable condition for their workers,
as laid down in the Factories Regulations. There are also Ordinances
concerning the storage and use of explosives and petroleum products.
Legislation also exists to cover unfair dismissals. Any aggrieved
employee can appeal to an Industrial Tribunal, which is set up under
the Regulation of Wages and Conditions of Employment Ordinance.
This is compulsory for all employed persons and available for
self employed persons. All non-residents of Gibraltar employed in
Gibraltar are subject to the employment laws and social security
Only employees who arrive from another EU country and who
continue making social security contributions in that country, are
exempted, on production of the requisite documentation, from making
contributions in Gibraltar.
All employees are entitled to be included in approved pension
schemes in Gibraltar which are additional to the social security
arrangements. Company directors are also entitled to be included as
are partners of firms.
All self-employed persons are entitled to retirement pensions
from the social security scheme as long as the appropriate
contributions have been paid.
Unemployed workers are granted
credits against their social security contributions. If they satisfy
the required conditions they may also claim unemployment benefit and
in cases of hardship may receive supplementary benefit.